Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. , 2023, Nov;27(22):11103-11108.

Alpha-linolenic acid protects against methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity in mouse kidney cells.

Kaplan HM Deger M Erdogan KE et al.


Objective: Methotrexate (MTX) is a folic acid antagonist used in chronic inflammatory diseases and various cancer treatments. Although the main mechanism of the toxic effect of MTX is not known, it is stated that it causes oxidative stress and inflammation. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) protects against oxidative stress, apoptosis, and inflammation. For this reason, we aimed to find out the useful effect of ALA on MTX-induced nephrotoxicity MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mice were divided into 4 groups randomly. The control group was treated with physiological saline solution; the ALA group was treated with ALA (200 mg/kg) by gavage; MTX-treated group received 20 mg/kg i.p. (intraperitoneal) MTX; and MTX+ALA treated group received 20 mg/kg i.p. MTX and ALA 200 mg/kg by gavage. All of the drugs were performed once a day for 9 days. Results: Alpha-linolenic acid significantly decreased oxidative stress parameters and MTX-induced inflammatory and apoptotic mediators. Furthermore, histopathological examination showed that MTX induced significant edematous damage, and ALA treatment attenuated this damage in renal tissue. Conclusions: Our results revealed that ALA may be helpful against MTX-induced nephrotoxicity in mice via its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

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