Int Immunopharmacol. , 2022, Oct;111:109039

Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside-derived metabolite, enterolactone, attenuates atopic dermatitis by suppressing Th2 immune response.

Yu L Xu Q Wang P et al


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a severe inflammatory skin disease caused by a combination of genetic, immune, and environmental factors. Intestinal microbiome disorders and changes in the immune microenvironment are associated with AD. We observed that gut bacterial metabolite enterolactone (ENL) was significantly reduced in AD model mice. Notably, patients with early childhood-onset AD exhibited decreased sera ENL level compared to the healthy controls, and the ENL level was negatively correlated with the SCORAD index. Secoisolariciresinol-diglycoside (SDG) is a natural dietary lignan of flaxseeds that can be converted by intestinal bacteria to ENL. Repeated applications of 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) were performed on the ear and dorsal skin of mice to induce AD-like symptoms and skin lesions. Oral administration of SDG significantly decreased serum IgE levels and limited skin inflammation in the DNCB-induced AD mice. In addition, SDG treatment strongly limited the Th2 responses in AD mice. Moreover, we demonstrated that the IL-4 production was significantly suppressed by ENL under Th2 polarization conditions via the JAK-STAT6 signaling pathway in a concentration-dependent manner. We concluded that SDG and its derived metabolite ENL ameliorated AD development by reducing the Th2 immune response. These results suggested that SDG and ENL might be exploited as potential therapeutic candidates for AD treatment.

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