Nat Prod Res. , 2021., Dec;35(24):6099-6105. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2020.1826479.

Antiestrogenic and antiproliferative potency of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside derivatives on MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

Scherbakov AM Stasevich OV Salnikova DI et al.


Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is isolated from Linum usitatissimum seeds. The antiproliferative effects of SDG (1) and its derivatives secoisolariciresinol (2) and secoisolariciresinol-4′, 4″-diacetate (3) have been evaluated on MCF-7 breast cancer cells and normal breast epithelial line MCF-10A. Lignan 1 has not shown cytotoxic effects on MCF-7 cells, while derivatives 2 and 3 have inhibited cell growth with IC50 values of 25 and 11 µM, respectively. Estrogen receptor alpha is a key growth driver in MCF-7 cells. Compound 1 did not affect the activity of ERα, while derivatives 2 and 3 showed significant antiestrogenic effects. Compounds 2 and 3 caused apoptosis in the MCF-7 line, determined by the cleavage of PARP. SDG derivative 3 enhanced the effect of doxorubicin. SDG derivatives can be considered as promising agents that exhibit a combined antiestrogen and proapoptotic effect in hormone-dependent breast cancer cells.

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